Indian Trains and their classes : what does it full forms and means ? – 1AC, 2AC, 3AC, SL, CC, 2S, EC, LX

Indian Trains and their Classes: Understanding Full Forms and Meanings

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Indian Railways is one of the largest railway networks in the world, connecting millions of passengers across the country. With its vast reach and diverse services, it’s essential to understand the various classes of Indian trains and the meaning behind their abbreviations. In this article, we will delve into the different classes, decoding their full forms, and explaining what each class entails for passengers.

Table  -Indian Trains and their classes

  1. Introduction
  2. Indian Railways: An Overview
  3. Classes of Indian Trains
    1. 1. AC Classes
      1. 1.1. 1AC (First AC)
      2. 1.2. 2AC (Second AC)
      3. 1.3. 3AC (Third AC)
      4. 1.4. AC Chair Car
    2. 2. Non-AC Classes
      1. 2.1. Sleeper Class (SL)
      2. 2.2. General Class 
      3. 2.3. Second Sitting (2S)
  4. Special Classes
    1. 4.1. Executive Class (EC)
    2. 4.2. Garib Rath
    3. 4.3. Duronto
  5. Luxury Classes

  6. Conclusion
  7. FAQs

Indian Railways: An Overview

Indian Railways, commonly known as the “Lifeline of the Nation,” serves as a vital mode of transportation for millions of people every day. It boasts an extensive network that spans the length and breadth of the country, connecting remote towns, major cities, and tourist destinations. To cater to the diverse needs of passengers, Indian Railways offers various classes of travel, each providing a different level of comfort, amenities, and pricing.

Indian Railways - Wikipedia

Classes of Indian Trains and their classes

1. AC Classes

AC Classes in Indian trains offer air-conditioned cabins with different levels of luxury and privacy. Let’s explore some of the popular AC classes:

1.1. 1AC (First AC)

First AC, also known as “Executive Class,” represents the highest class of travel on Indian trains. It provides exclusive cabins with two or four berths, equipped with a private bathroom, bedding, and personalized services. First AC ensures a luxurious and comfortable journey for passengers who seek privacy and top-notch amenities.

1st Class AC Coaches indian railways
1st Class

1.2. 2AC (Second AC) -Indian Trains and their classes

Second AC offers a comfortable air-conditioned cabin with sleeping berths. The cabins in 2AC are more spacious compared to other classes, accommodating four to six berths. Passengers traveling in 2AC are provided with bedding, curtains, and charging points, ensuring a pleasant journey.

2nd ac coach of indian railways
2nd ac

1.3. 3AC (Third AC)

Third AC is one of the most popular classes among Indian rail passengers. It offers air-conditioned cabins with six to eight berths. The berths in 3AC are arranged in tiers, with curtains for privacy. Passengers are provided with bedding, charging points, and reading lights.

Indian Train 3rd Ac Coach
3rd AC

1.4. AC Chair Car

AC Chair Car is a comfortable air-conditioned seating class suitable for short to medium-distance journeys. It features cushioned seats with ample legroom, charging points, and reading lights. AC Chair Car is commonly found on trains that primarily cater to day travel.

Railways AC chair cars, executive classes by up to 25%,  flightfare
Chair Car (CC)

2. Non-AC Classes – Indian Trains and their classes

Apart from the AC classes, Indian trains also offer several non-air-conditioned classes that cater to budget travelers. Let’s explore them:

2.1. Sleeper Class

Sleeper Class is the most commonly used class in Indian Railways. It offers non-air-conditioned sleeping berths arranged in open bays with three tiers of berths on each side. Though it lacks air-conditioning, Sleeper Class provides a cost-effective option for long-distance travel.

Classes Of Travel On Indian Railways Sleeper Class (SL)
Sleeper Class (SL)

2.2. General Class

General Class, also known as the “Unreserved Class,” is the most economical option for train travel. It is characterized by open seating with minimal amenities. General Class is often crowded, and seats are available on a first-come, first-served basis.

Non stop' - 10 facts we bet you didn't know about Indian Railways |flightfare general class
General Class

2.3. Second Sitting

Second Sitting, also known as “Sitting Class,” provides non-air-conditioned seating with more basic facilities. It is commonly found on short-distance trains and offers an affordable option for those traveling shorter distances.

2S second sitting in indian railway only person can sit | flightfare
2S Second Sitting

Special Classes – Indian Trains and their classes

In addition to the regular classes mentioned above, Indian Railways has introduced some special classes to cater to specific requirements. Let’s explore them briefly:

4.1. Executive Class

Executive Class is a premium class introduced on select trains. It offers comfortable seating with extra legroom, improved amenities, and personalized services. Executive Class provides a luxurious travel experience, bridging the gap between 1AC and 2AC classes.

this is Indian EC executive coach | flightfare india
Executive Class (EC)

4.2. Garib Rath

Garib Rath, meaning “Poor People’s Chariot,” is an affordable air-conditioned class introduced to make train travel more accessible for the economically weaker sections of society. It offers comfortable seating and reduced fares compared to other AC classes.

Indian Railway Garib rath Chair Car | Flightfare India
Garib rath Chair Car
Classes Of Travel On Indian Railways Garibrath 3rd AC
Garibrath 3rd AC

4.3. Duronto

Duronto is a non-stop, long-distance express train introduced by Indian Railways. It aims to connect major cities without any commercial stops along the route. Duronto trains offer both AC and non-AC classes, providing a faster travel option for passengers.

Is Duronto Express have great 3 AC train for long journey  ?
Duronto 3 AC Class
Know how to Check Your Train Chart Updates

Luxury Classes Trains

The Palace on Wheels

The Palace on Wheels is one of India’s most iconic luxury trains, renowned for its regal ambience and royal treatment. This train takes you on a week-long journey through the fascinating cities of Rajasthan. With luxurious cabins, a spa, a bar, and a restaurant serving delectable cuisine, the Palace on Wheels offers a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the Maharajas.

luxury train Palace on Wheels Train, Packages, Facilities & Itinerary - Rajasthan Tourism- flightfare
Luxury Train Palace on Wheels Class
For Booking and Enquiry


The Maharajas’ Express – Indian Trains and their classes

The Maharajas’ Express is often referred to as India’s most luxurious train. It takes guests on a remarkable journey across some of India’s most iconic destinations. The train’s lavish interiors, impeccable service, and world-class amenities make it a favorite among luxury travelers. From exploring the timeless beauty of the Taj Mahal to visiting the vibrant markets of Jaipur, the Maharajas’ Express promises an unforgettable experience.

Maharajas' Express - Indian Luxury Trains
Maharajas’ Express – Indian Luxury Trains
For Booking and Enquiry

The Deccan Odyssey – Indian Trains and their classes

The Deccan Odyssey offers a luxurious voyage through the mesmerizing landscapes of Maharashtra and Goa. Inspired by the imperial carriages of the past, this train combines traditional elegance with modern comforts. The journey on the Deccan Odyssey takes you to ancient caves, historical forts, and pristine beaches, providing a perfect blend of relaxation and exploration.

the Deccan Odyssey Indian Luxury train indian railways | flightfare india
The Deccan Odyssey Indian Luxury Class
For Booking and Enquiry

The Golden Chariot – Indian Trains and their classes

The Golden Chariot is a luxury train that explores the enchanting destinations of South India. It takes passengers on a fascinating journey through Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. The train is named after the famous Stone Chariot in Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With spacious cabins, fine dining options, and curated excursions to iconic landmarks, the Golden Chariot showcases the rich cultural heritage of South India.

The Golden Chariot South India Luxury Train
The Golden Chariot South India Luxury Train
For Booking and Enquiry


The Royal Rajasthan on Wheels – Indian Trains and their classes

The Royal Rajasthan on Wheels offers a royal sojourn through the enchanting landscapes of Rajasthan. This train is known for its lavish interiors adorned with traditional Rajasthani artwork and modern amenities. From the magnificent forts and palaces of Jaipur to the serene lakes of Udaipur, the Royal Rajasthan on Wheels takes you on an extraordinary journey steeped in history and grandeur.

Indian railways — Royal Rajasthan on Wheels | 12 of the Best Train Trips in the  World, According to National Geographic | flightfare india
Indian railways — Royal Rajasthan on Wheels
For Booking and Enquiry

Know how to Check Your Train Chart Updates


Understanding the classes of Indian trains and their full forms is essential for passengers planning their journeys. Whether you prefer a luxurious experience or a budget-friendly option, Indian Railways offers a wide range of classes to suit diverse needs. By choosing the right class, you can ensure a comfortable and enjoyable train journey across the beautiful landscapes of India.


  1. Q: Can I upgrade my ticket from a lower class to a higher class during the journey? A: Upgrades to higher classes are subject to availability. It’s advisable to inquire at the station or contact the onboard ticket examiner for any possible upgrades.
  2. Q: Are meals provided in all classes of Indian trains? A: Yes, meals are provided in long-distance AC classes like 1AC, 2AC, and 3AC. However, in other classes, passengers have the option to purchase meals or bring their own food.
  3. Q: Can I book tickets for AC classes online? A: Yes, you can book tickets for AC classes online through the official Indian Railways website or various authorized travel booking platforms.
  4. Q: What is the difference between Sleeper Class and General Class? A: The main difference is that Sleeper Class provides reserved sleeping berths, while General Class offers open seating without reserved berths.
  5. Q: Are there separate compartments for women in Indian trains? A: Yes, Indian trains provide separate compartments or sections exclusively for women’s travel. These compartments ensure a safer and more comfortable journey for female passengers.

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